|Other Egyptian Gods|
Though Ra and Atum ("he who completes or perfects") were the same god, Atum was used in distinctive fashions. He was primarily the symbol of the setting sun and was also a substitute for Ra as the creator of Shu and Tefnut from either masturbatory semen, (perhaps via autofellatio) or mucus. Atum was himself created by Ptah in some mythologies. Atum was the father of Hike.
- Wikipedia (2005). Ra (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ra). Retrieved March 8, 2005