Johannes Valentinus Andreae (1586-1654), a.k.a. Johannes Valentinus Andreä or Andrea, was a German theologian and author of The Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosencreutz--one of the three founding works of the Rosicrucians.
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Andrea was the son of Johannes Andreae, the superintendent of Herrenberg and later the abbot of Königsbrunn. His mother, Maria Moser, went to Tübingen as a widow and was court apothecary. The young Andrea studied theology and natural sciences. He was refused the final examination and church service, probably for attaching a pasquill (offensive, libelous note) to the chancellor Enzlin's door, on the occasion of his marriage. After that, he taught young nobles and hiked with his students through Switzerland, France, Austria and Italy.
In 1612, he resumed his theological studies in Tübingen. After the final examination, he became deacon in Vaihingen an der Enz and in 1620 priest in Calw. Here he reformed the school and social institutions and established institutions for charity and other aids. To this end, he founded the Christliche Gottliebende Gesellschaft ("Christian God-loving Society"). For the reconstruction of the town, which was destroyed in the battle of Nördlingen (1634) by the imperial troops and visited by pestilence, he obtained funds and brought effective help. In 1639, he became preacher at the court and councillor (Konsistorialrat) in Stuttgart, where he aimed at a fundamental church reform. Among other things, he operated for the conservation and furthering of the Tübinger Stift. In 1646, he was made a member of the Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft ("Fruitbearing Society"), where he got the company-nickname der Mürbe ("the soft"). In 1650, he took over the direction of the monasterial school Bebenhausen; in 1654, he became abbot of the evangelical monasterial school of Adelberg.
- Fama fraternitatis Roseae Crucis oder Die Bruderschaft des Ordens der Rosenkreuzer (1614)
- "The brotherhood of the order of the Rosicrucians"
- Confessio oder Bekenntnis der Societät und Bruderschaft Rosenkreuz (1615)
- "The confession of the brotherhood of the order of the Rosicrucians"
- Chymische Hochzeit Christiani Rosencreutz Anno 1459 (1616)
- "The chymical Wedding of Christian Rosencreutz Anno 1459"
- Reipublicae Christianopolitanae descriptio (Beschreibung des Staates Christenstadt) (1619)
- "Description of the Republic of Christianopolis"
- Extensive site about Andreae (http://homepages.tesco.net/~eandcthomp/aaa.htm)
- Andrea (http://www.hermetic.com/sabazius/andrea.htm) at the Invisible Basilica of Sabazius
This article was originally taken from: Wikipedia. (2004). Johannes Valentinus Andreae (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Valentinus_Andreae). Retrieved on Sept. 27, 2004.