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J.F.C. Fuller

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J.F.C. Fuller (1876-1966), full name John Frederick Charles Fuller, was a British general, military historian and strategist, notable as an early theorist of modern armored warfare, including categorizing principles of warfare. He was also the inventor of "artificial moonlight".

He was born in Chichester, West Sussex, England on September 1st 1878, and educated at Malvern College and Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst from 1897 to 1898. He proceeded to become 2nd Lt at Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry and to serve in South Africa from 1899 to 1902. He then attended Staff College at Camberley and served as an adjutant to a territorial battalion. During World War I, he was a staff officer with the Home Forces and in France and from 1916 worked in the Heavy Branch, which was later to become the Tank Corps. He planned the tank attack of Cambrai and the tank operations for the autumn offensives of 1918. His Plan 1919 for a fully mechanized army was not put into action. After 1918, he held various leading positions, notably as a commander of an experimental brigade at Aldershot.


In the 1920s, he collaborated with his junior B.H. Liddell Hart in developing new ideas for the mechanization of armies.

Upon his retirement in 1933, impatient with what he considered the inability of democracy to adopt military reforms, he became involved with Sir Oswald Mosley and the British Fascist movement. His ideas on warfare continued to be influential in World War II, as much with the Germans, notably Heinz Guderian as with his own country.

In addition to his military accomplishments, Fuller was a vigorous, expressive and opinionated writer of military history and of controversial predictions of the future of war.

Fuller & Aleister Crowley

Fuller met Aleister Crowley after winning a contest that the latter had sponsored for someone to write a critical summary of the Crowley literary ouvre to that date. The result was Fuller's The Star in the West, a volume thick with praise for Crowley's mystical insight. Fuller became one of the first aspirants to formally associate with A.'.A.'., taking the motto Per Ardua with Crowley as his immediate superior in the Order.

As Crowley's public profile grew more scandalous, Fuller was increasingly uncomfortable with supporting him. In 1913, angry with Crowley's refusal to defend himself against slanders, Fuller fully withdrew from A.'.A.'. and severed his social ties with Crowley.

Books by Fuller

Fuller was a very prolific writer. Only a small selection of his works is covered here.


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