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Chaos (Greek God)

From Thelemapedia

Image:Greekgods.jpg
OLYMPIANS

Zeus
Poseidon
Hades
Hestia
Hera
Ares
Athena
Apollo
Aphrodite
Hermes
Artemis
Hephaestus

OTHERS

Pan
Demeter
Dionysus
Persephone
Eris
Eros
Chaos
Gaia

TITANS

Asteria
Astraeus
Atlas
Clymene
Coeus
Crius
Cronus
Dione
Epimetheus
Hyperion
Iapetus
Leto
Mnemosyne
Oceanus
Phoebe
Prometheus
Rhea
Tethys
Theia
Themis

This article refers to the primordial Greek god. There is a more complete account of Chaos as he developed within Thelema.


In Greek mythology, Chaos or Khaos is the primeval state of existence from which the first gods appeared. In Greek it is Χαος, which is usually pronounced similarly to "house", but correctly in ancient Greek as "kh-a-oss"; it means "gaping void", from the verb χαινω "gape, be wide open", Indo-European *"ghen-", *"ghn-"; compare English "chasm" and "yawn", Anglo-Saxon geanian = "to gape".

Table of contents

Theogonia

According to Hesiod's Theogonia, Chaos was the nothingness out of which the first objects of existence appeared. These first beings, described as children of Chaos alone, were Gaia (the Earth), Tartarus (the Underworld), Eros (desire), Nyx (the darkness of the night) and Erebus (the darkness of the Underworld). Thus, at the very start of his story, Hesiod establishes the deities related to each element known to man, beginning with the primordial elements: the Earth, the starry Sky, the Sea.

Theogonia presents two ways to come to life, either by division (Gaia, Nyx), or by mating. After Gaia, almost all the deities brought to life by division are negative concepts (Death, Distress, Sarcasm, Deception, and so on) and for the most part, they are fathered by Nyx. From this point on is set the model for reproduction, from the action of two entities, male and female, as it appears in the divine world in response to human society. So the first answer by the myth to the question "What is the cause of this?" becomes "This is the father and this is the mother".

Furthermore, all deities generated by division almost never become allies with those of male-female lineage.

Characteristics

The original meaning of Χαος was "Space, the great outer void".

Ovid, in his Metamorphoses, described Chaos as "rather a crude and indigested mass, a lifeless lump, unfashioned and unframed, of jarring seeds and justly Chaos named". From that, its meaning evolved into the modern familiar "complete disorder", and the word "Chaos" is used by astronomers in Mars placenames to mean "area of disorderly faulted terrain".

Chaos features three main characteristics:

See also

References


Retrieved from "http://www.thelemapedia.org/index.php/Chaos_%28Greek_God%29"

This page has been accessed 21072 times. This page was last modified 15:11, 28 Feb 2005. Content is available under GNU Free Documentation License 1.2.


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