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Hyperion

From Thelemapedia

Image:Greekgods.jpg
OLYMPIANS

Zeus
Poseidon
Hades
Hestia
Hera
Ares
Athena
Apollo
Aphrodite
Hermes
Artemis
Hephaestus

OTHERS

Pan
Demeter
Dionysus
Persephone
Eris
Eros
Chaos
Gaia

TITANS

Asteria
Astraeus
Atlas
Clymene
Coeus
Crius
Cronus
Dione
Epimetheus
Hyperion
Iapetus
Leto
Mnemosyne
Oceanus
Phoebe
Prometheus
Rhea
Tethys
Theia
Themis

In the Homer's Iliad and Odyssey the sun god is called Helios Hyperion, 'Sun High-one'. But in the Odyssey, Hesiod's Theogony and the Homeric Hymn to Demeter the sun is once in each work called Hyperonides 'son of Hyperion' and Hesiod certainly imagines Hyperion as a separate being in other places.

In later Greek literature Hyperion is always distinguished from Helios as a Titan, the son of Gaia 'Earth' and Uranus 'Sky' and the father of Helios 'Sun', Selene 'Moon' and Eos 'Dawn' by his sister Theia or, in the Homeric Hymn to Helios, Euryphaessa:

"Theia yielded to Hyperion's love and gave birth
to great Helios and bright Selene and Eos,
who brings light to all the mortals of this earth
and to the immortal gods who rule the wide sky."
(Hesiod, Theogony, 371-374)

Hyperion plays virtually no role in Greek cult and little role in mythology, save in lists of the twelve Titans. Later Greeks intellectualized their myths:

"Of Hyperion we are told that he was the first to understand, by diligent attention and observation, the movement of both the sun and the moon and the other stars, and the seasons as well, in that they are caused by these bodies, and to make these facts known to others; and that for this reason he was called the father of these bodies, since he had begotten, so to speak, the speculation about them and their nature.” —Diodorus Siculus (5.67.1)

External link

References


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This page has been accessed 4926 times. This page was last modified 19:01, 9 Jul 2005. Content is available under GNU Free Documentation License 1.2.


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